The Migration of Internationally Educated Nurses from the Philippines to Ontario through the Live-in Caregiver Program: A Case Study

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Student: Bukola Salami, RN, MN, PhD Candidate
Supervisor: Dr. Sioban Nelson, RN, PhD

Background

The Live-in Caregiver Program is a Canadian temporary immigration program that allows qualified individuals to migrate to Canada to provide care to the elderly, children or the disabled, while living in the client’s home.  Live-in caregivers qualify to become permanent residents in Canada after a minimum of 3900 hours of work.  Researchers have found that some nurses migrate to Canada through the Live-in Caregiver Program.  However, no research has been conducted on this population of nurses in Ontario and no research in Canada has explored the obligations of diverse stakeholders with respect to the socio-economic integration of live-in caregivers in Canada.  This research study hopes to explore the experience of nurses who migrate to Ontario through the Live-in Caregiver Program as well as the obligations of diverse stakeholders as it relates to the socio-economic integration of this group of nurses.

Theoretical Framework

The study is primarily guided by the transnational feminist concept of Global Care Chain.  Coined by Sociologist Arlie Hochschild based on research on migrant domestic worker, the concept of Global Care Chains illustrates personal links across the globe based on the paid and unpaid work of caring.  

Method

This doctoral research study will utilize a single embedded case study methodology.  The unit of analysis is nurses who migrate to Ontario through the Live-in Caregiver Program.  The study will involve 3 phases: first, discourse analysis of pertinent documents; second, interview of 12-30 nurses who are potential, current or past live-in caregivers; third, interviews of 12-30 stakeholders (i.e., immigration policy makers, nursing policy makers, support/advocacy groups, recruiters, and employer groups).

Implications

The research study hopes to inform nursing policy on the integration of internationally educated nurses in Canada (especially nurses who migrate to Canada through the Live-in Caregiver Program) as well as immigration policy on the Live-in Caregiver Program.