Recently Funded HHR Research

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Is close proximity to emergency obstetrical services a prerequisite for Safety?

pregnant wormen ultrsound-1CIHR Planning Grant: Priority Announcement — Reproductive and Child Health
Pricipal Investigators:  Bourgeault, I.L., Kryzanauskas, M., Wilson, A.,

Distance and time to access emergency obstetrical services (EOS) from a woman's planned place of birth have been persistent and critical concerns of any rational planning for appropriate maternal and newborn care. Report after report has highlighted the importance of keeping care 'closer to home' and this is particularly salient for women giving birth. The reality that community after community, small yet local maternity care units (and indeed entire hospitals) are closing at an alarming rate. These trends are happening despite a lack of evidence of the quality of care delivered at home or in small, local maternity care units, and the impact of distance to EOS. As a result of these closures, more women have to drive longer distances; this can have significant and otherwise unintended consequences for the health of these women and their babies and their communities. The objective of this planning grant is to assemble an interdisciplinary, interprofessional research team to develop a research proposal that examines - in two phases - the following research questions:

  • What is the relationship between the distance and/or time from a women's planned place of birth to EOS and maternal and neonatal outcomes?
  • Once we have established the evidence on the relationship above, what other factors (e.g., educational, decision support tools, etc.) should/need to be considered when planning for/making birth at home and in communities at a distance from EOS safe.

For more information visit: www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca


 

Interprofessional Adolescent Health Training Program

sad teenCIHR Planning Grant
Principal Investigator: Katzman, D.

Adolescence is a unique developmental period that includes pivotal biological, psychological, social and cognitive changes. Adolescent health emphasizes the close link between biological and psychosocial factors contributing to today’s major youth health problems. From a training perspective, the interface of biological and psychosocial concerns has blurred traditional disciplinary boundaries, challenging the efficacy and relevance of established models of professional training. The interaction between physical and psychological developmental changes of adolescence and changes in adolescent morbidity and mortality has created the need for unique educational strategies to adequately prepare an interdisciplinary team of health care professionals to work with youth. Adolescent Medicine has played a leadership role in promoting interdisciplinary approaches to clinical care and health research for youth. Single-discipline educational programs fall short in preparing practitioners to care for adolescents. Interdisciplinary education is designed to teach professionals how to work collaboratively and effectively with other disciplines, which is essential to utilizing resources of multiple disciplines in meeting the diverse and complex needs of youth.

The goal of this Planning Grant is to develop an innovative research proposal aimed at developing, piloting and evaluating an Interprofessional Adolescent Health Training Program (IAHTP), a collaborative effort involving the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics and the Departments of Psychology and Nursing at the Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, to be submitted to the Partnership for Health System Improvement grant program. This IAHTP would be the first program of it's kind in Canada and will be poised to decrease utilization of the healthcare system resulting in cost savings, enhance access to specialized care, and improve the quality of care for the adolescent patient.

For more information contact Dr. Katzman: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


 

Opportunities for Non-traditional pathways to postsecondary education in Ontario: PSE bridging Programs for internationally Education health professionals

people rightHigher Education Quality Council of Ontario
Principal Investigator: Victoria Esses

The objective of this research is to analyse pathways for internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs) who have formal educational backgrounds in their chosen professions, but do not have the required educational, professional, or language requirements to enter their professions in Canada. To help bridge gaps identified through professional assessment processes and transition IEHPs into professional practice, postsecondary programs have been developed at several Canadian colleges and universities to meet the specific educational needs of professionals educated in other countries. This re-search project will analyse the experiences of IEHPs who are seeking entry into three specific allied health professions fac-ing current and projected workforce shortages: Medical Radiation Technology, Medical Laboratory Technology and Physiotherapy.

For more information contact Dr. Esses: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it